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2019年成人英语三级模拟测试题3

2019-7-17 13:05:00   环球网校     [ ] [ ] [ ]
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  1、We'd better eliminate junk foods from our kitchen and keep a variety of high-quality foods _____ at all times.


  A. available


  B. desirable


  C. enormous


  D. numerous


  A)。考查形容词语义环境。四个选项的意思分别是:选项A)available现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;选项B)desirable称心如意的,值得有的,如I envy Jane because her job is so desirable. 我很羡慕简,因为她有一份很称心的工作。选项C)enormous巨大的,极大的,庞大的;选项D)numerous许多的,很多的,如:This is a conclusion he has drawn from numerous facts. 这是他从很多事实当中得出的结论。根据题干可判断出选项A)应为正确答案。全句的意思为“开心时时彩历史记录应清除厨房里的垃圾食品,而使各种高质量的食物随手可及”。


  2、Faced with rapid inflation and _____ international and 开心时时彩历史记录 markets, many firms have declared bankrupt.


  A. lessening


  B. shortening


  C. shrinking


  D. withdrawing


  C)。考查近义动词的语义辨析。各选项的意思及用法分别是:选项A) lessening减少,减轻,侧重指程度、重要性等的减轻。如:The defeat lessened our chances of winning the championship. 此次失败使开心时时彩历史记录夺冠的希望变得更加渺茫。lessen the burden of减轻负担;选项B) shortening缩短,变短,如The days are beginning to shorten. 天开始变短了。shorten the gap between缩小……之间的差距;选项C) shrinking使收缩,缩小,减少,侧重指尺寸、大小等的变小。如:The number of students attending the lecture has shrunk. 听讲座的学生人数减少了。Will this soap shrink woolen clothes? 这种肥皂会使羊毛衣服缩水吗?选项D) withdrawing收回,撤退,撤销,如:After awhile, he withdrew his proposal. 过了一会儿,他撤回了他的提议。根据题意可判断出选项C)应为正确答案。全句意思是“面对通货膨胀和日益缩小的国际国内市场,许多公司都已宜布破产”。


  3、In the New World as in Europe, each region developed its own _____ pattern of culture.


  A. distant


  B. distinct


  C. distinctive


  D. dismissed


  C.


  [考点]形容词辨析。distinct“清楚的,清晰的;明显的,明确的;(~ from)种类不同的,分开的”;distinctive“特别的,有特色的”。


  [译文]在新世界如同在欧洲一样,每一地区都形成了其自身的独具特色的文化模式。


  4、A. who


  B. whom


  C. him


  D. that


  B。


  [考点]定语从句。本句中的引导词在从句中充当宾语,故用宾格whom。


  [译文]在村子里有那么一个老头,开心时时彩历史记录谁都不喜欢他。


  5、You should have put the milk in the ice-box; I expect it _____ undrinkable by now.


  A. became


  B. had become


  C. has become


  D. becomes


  Best Answer: C


  详解:答案为C。与by now, so far, tip to now这样的短语连用时,谓语动词用现在完成时。


  6、The tendency to lie is perhaps _____ originally by imitations. It grows into a habit, unknown to its possessors.


  A. taken to


  B. taken over


  C. taken in


  D. taken up


  Best Answer: D


  详解:答案为D。


  take to表示“喜爱”;take over表示“接管”;take in表示“欺骗”;take up表示“接受,形成”。


  7、There were no tickets _____ for Friday's performance.


  A. preferable


  B. considerable


  C. possible


  D. available


  Best Answer: D


  详解:答案为D。词形辨析和句意搭配题。以"-able"或"-ible"结尾的形容词表示被动,意为“可……”或“值得……”的意思。preferable指“更可取的,更合意的”;considerable指“可观的,相当多的;值得考虑的”。possible指“可能的”。


  8、Don't _____ this news to the public until we give you the go-ahead.


  A. release


  B. relieve


  C. relate


  D. retain


  Best Answer: A


  详解:答案为A。词形辨析题。release news指“泄露消息。”其余不构成搭配。relieve 指“减轻、缓解”。relate指“叙述、连接”;retain指“保留、维持”。


  9、The actual _____ by which coal is extracted is well worth watching.


  A. process


  B. procession


  C. pattern


  D. conduct


  Best Answer: A


  详解:答案为A。process表示“步骤,程度,制作方法”;procession表示“行进的队伍”;pattern表示“模式,方式”;conduct表示“行为,方式”。


  10、As a _____ president, his views are treated with respect when he is interviewed


  A. prior


  B. previous


  C. late


  D. former


  Best Answer: D


  详解:答案为D。词义辨析题。former指“前任的,前一个”,表示顺序上的前一个;prior指“较早的”,“优先的”是比较级形式,常和to连用,previous指“先前的,上文的”,表明时间和方位上的先后。late指“迟的,晚期的”,强调时间上的先后。

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